The major research question is ‘What is the relationship between racism and xenophobia in South Africa?’. My key terms are xenophobia and racism, even though my major concern is on xenophobia. Racism maybe defined as the hatred of one person by another and the belief that this person is less human because of skin color, language, customs, origion of birth. Xenophobia is a deep dislike for foreigners., my curiosity is that South Africa is a developing country that is diverse in cultures, languages and religious belief. At present it has 11 official languages. Since Apartheid fell in 1994 it has struggled with the coonsequences of racism and another form of discrimination has ventured into existance, enduring the difference of nationality. It interests me because as a foreigner, what aspects does it have if I am to encounter it and is there a leniency for gender?
Xenophobia grew from racism. In the apartheid system south africans were opressed for a long time and got accustomed to mentality of social stratification and race. Which determined the ability of an individual to suceed and the indiffernce to sufferers than others especially on nationality.
Foreigners were the targetsto xenophobia. Majority of foreigners who were attacked were africans who were black. Discrimination at black on black. If the individual was of different color the likelihood of being attacked were slim. Their assumption would have been, if your white you probably an afrikaaner or english speaker who came from a high class level. The majority of the whites were tourists who would not linger for a long time.
Xenophobia was caused by economic factors such as high unemployment rate, limited resources such as housing, education opportunities and basic necessities. Foreigners were willing to work for minimum wage but south africans wanted the wage to be increased. For companies to cut costs they prefered to hire foreigners and as they worked diligently and knew where they came form was far much worse. Most of them could only afford cheap housing, made out of plastics, cardboard as there was no need for rent payment. This allowed for them to be protected from the weather conditions and a place to sleep. Other foreigners were assylum seekers and university students. Majority of the schools in South Africa are owned by state but the majority of universities are private owned. They are expensive and for the locals to send their children to universities would it would be debatable as they would need to apply for loans and to do that it would need some tangible property as liability if in failure to pay it back. Therefore enrollment of foreigners who could afford it was a second option. In that decision it turned out more income would be obtained and they could pay for it. Racism affects the economy through business relations with other countries due to the fear of employess being caught up in the mix and reducing the quality of work due to psychological issues that may arise. Racism is skin deep because color and natural hatred comes naturally and probably genetic and where as xenophobia is lingustix deep in the sense that each language is developed from a culture. In each culture has customs meaning as long as the recepient can’t respond with at least one of the official languages they would be categorized as a seeker and intimidator therefore instilling fear on the unknown capabilities of a stranger. Inorder to set a stand they would have to put across ground rules so as to not show instibility.
Specific Research questions to be answered
Who does rascism and xenophobia affect the most? Who is being targeted?
How is the economy affected by racism and xenophobia?
Why is the targeting of xenophobia be black africans and yet racism doesnt cater to color?
How did the home affairs of south afirca respond to xenophobia when it happend?
What measures were taken to protect foreigners and as well as racism?
What is reverse racism and how does it increase crime rate?
What has been researched on towards this topic?
Research on human rights of racism xenophobia
Growth of xenophobian and rasism in a decade after apartheid . Mine looks at the past 5years on and how has the social group changed?
The conference talks made by home affairs on xenophobia
World conference against racism and xenophobia
The contribution to the research is analysis of data is viewing the topic from an individual who was from one of the victimized countries. My analysis would be from present time and how much effect did the laws passed down by the congress differ from the impact it had and hoped to have. If foreigners are still treated the same way after passing the law of removing the visa requirements for zimbabweans to enter their country. If the violent attacks and the number of immigrants increase after such an inhuman act.
Analysis of data- use documents about racism and the other on xenophobia and then compare them on their similarities and differnces. Selection of documents tha address xenophobia as extreme racism. Compare violent articles with images of both to see if the pictures have thousand words .
The use of statistical data before xenophobia , during and after xenophobia to compare an d contrast immigration percentages hich would tell us if the foreigners fled or stayed.
To do an interview and listen to peoples opinions on their take of xenophobia and racism. First of all I’ll ask them to define it, if they have the knowledge of its existance and whats their take on it. To ask if they feel racism played a role in xenophobia if it did how. If they feel the governments of those countries affected by had a say to the humilitation of their people. It shows a barrier to the communicatin lines between the african countries and their way of leadership styles may have caused the high rate of concentrated foreigners in south africa. Racism may have to influence their expression to their emotions as they may not seem to be content about.
possible publication sites